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2020年韩国总人口第一次出现负增长

作者: 发布于:2021-01-11 14:59
South Korea recorded more deaths than births in 2020 for the first time ever, prompting calls for action to revive the country's falling fertility rate.   韩国2020年记载的逝世人数有史以来第一次超过了出生人数,这促进人们呼吁出台办法进步不断下降的生育率。   For years, South Korea has struggled with a growing demographic crisis. The country's fertility rate has repeatedly hit record lows, and ranks near the bottom of the lowest fertility rates in the world. Meanwhile, South Korea's population continues to age, sending the country into a demographic decline.   But last year's census1 data, released by the Ministry2 of Interior and Safety on Monday, appears even more alarming.   There were only 275,815 births, a record low -- compared to 307,764 deaths, a 3.1% increase in fatalities3 from the previous year. This is the first time South Korea has hit the "population death cross," when the number of deaths surpasses births, the ministry said in a news release -- and the first time the total population has shrunk.     The population continues to age rapidly, the census showed: 32.7% of people are in their 40s and 50s, and nearly a quarter are over the age of 60.   "The constant decline in birth rate shows that low birth rate remains4 as a big issue in Korea," the release said. "There needs to be a fundamental change in the governmental policies such as welfare, education, and national defense5, accordingly."   The release didn't mention causes of death, or how much the Covid-19 pandemic influenced last year's figures. The pandemic has killed 981 people in South Korea so far, according to a tally6 by Johns Hopkins University.   But Korean experts have previously7 warned that the pandemic could skew the number of births and deaths -- both because of the higher number of Covid-related deaths, and because the circumstances of the pandemic could discourage couples from having children.   In a report published in December 2020, the central Bank of Korea warned that the country's falling birth rates and aging population would likely "accelerate" due to the impact of Covid-19. The pandemic caused greater job and income insecurity for young adults in their 20s and 30s -- potentially disrupting their plans to start a family. Economic and personal anxieties may cause them to delay having children; in some cases, a temporary postponement8 on childbirth could turn permanent, said the report.   The bank warned that South Korea may soon have the highest proportion of elderly people in the world, and urged stronger policies and childbirth incentives9 to sustain the country's economy.
1 census      n.(官方的)人口查询,人口普查 参阅例句:
  • A census of population is taken every ten years.人口普查每10年进行一次。
  • The census is taken one time every four years in our country.我国每四年一次人口普查。
2 ministry      n.(政府的)部;牧师 参阅例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.咱们查询了空军部的记载。
3 fatalities      n.恶性事故( fatality的名词复数 );逝世;致命性;命运 参阅例句:
  • Several people were injured, but there were no fatalities. 有几个人受伤,但没有人逝世。
  • The accident resulted in fatalities. 那宗意外道致多人逝世。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 remains      n.剩下物,残留物;遗体,遗址 参阅例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他饥不择食地吃剩下的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
5 defense      n.防护,捍卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩解,辩论 参阅例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权取得辩解。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战役使那个区域挤满了戎行和防护工程人员。
6 tally      n.计数器,记分,共同,丈量;vt.核算,记载,使共同;vi.核算,记分,共同 参阅例句:
  • Don't forget to keep a careful tally of what you spend.别忘了细心记下你的开支账目。
  • The facts mentioned in the report tally to every detail.陈述中所说到的现实都丝毫不差。
7 previously      adv.曾经,从前(地) 参阅例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在曾经损坏过的当地又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一瞬间,解说原先发生了什么。
8 postponement      n.推延 参阅例句:
  • He compounded with his creditors for a postponement of payment. 他与债权人达成协议延期付款。
  • Rain caused the postponement of several race-meetings. 几回赛马大会因雨延期。
9 incentives      鼓舞或人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 影响; 诱因; 动机 参阅例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓舞储蓄的税收办法
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,供给补贴仅是为鼓舞增添设备的出资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法


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