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韦氏词典和词典网2020年度词汇 pandemic

作者: 发布于:2020-12-07 10:33
For the first time, two US dictionary companies on Monday declared the same word their word of the year: "pandemic".   本周一(11月30日),两家美国词典公司宣告了同一个年度词汇"大流行病",这仍是有史以来初次。   The challenges of 2020, Oxford1 Languages said, "brought a new immediacy and urgency to the role of the lexicographer2. In almost real-time, lexicographers were able to monitor and analyze3 seismic4 shifts in language data and precipitous frequency rises in new coinages".   Because the coronavirus pandemic brought on gargantuan5 language changes, the report said, "2020 is a year which cannot be neatly6 accommodated in one single ‘word of the year'."   Merriam-Webster and Dictionary.com disagreed, though both also noted7 enormous shifts toward other related words.   Pandemic "probably isn't a big shock", said Peter Sokolowski, editor at large for Merriam-Webster.   "Often the big news story has a technical word that's associated with it and in this case, the word pandemic is not just technical but has become general. It's probably the word by which we'll refer to this period in the future."   John Kelly, senior research editor at Dictionary.com, said searches for "pandemic" spiked9 more than 13,500% on 11 March, the day the World Health Organization declared an outbreak of the novel coronavirus a global health emergency.   The spike8, he said, was "massive, but even more telling is how high [pandemic] has sustained significant search volumes throughout the entire year".   Month over month, lookups for pandemic were up more than 1,000%. For about half the year, the word was in the top 10% of all lookups on Dictionary.com, Kelly said.   At Merriam-Webster.com, searches for "pandemic" on 11 March were 115,806% higher than spikes10 experienced on the same date last year, Sokolowski said.   Pandemic, with roots in Latin and Greek, is a combination of "pan", for all, and "demos", for people or population, Sokolowski said, adding that the latter is also the root of "democracy".
1 Oxford      n.牛津(英国城市) 参阅凯时88kb88例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的集合处。
2 lexicographer      n.辞典编纂人 参阅例句:
  • A lexicographer's job is to describe the language.词典编纂者的作业便是对言语加以描绘。
  • The lexicographer knew that the English lexis was changing. 字典编纂者知道英语词汇在不断改变。
3 analyze      vt.剖析,解析 (=analyse) 参阅例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.咱们应该剖析这场事故的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.教师设法剖析咱们失利的原因。
4 seismic      a.地震的,地震强度的 参阅例句:
  • Earthquakes produce two types of seismic waves.地震发生两种地震波。
  • The latest seismic activity was also felt in northern Kenya.肯尼亚北部也感觉到了最近的地震活动。
5 gargantuan      adj.巨大的,巨大的 参阅例句:
  • My gargantuan,pristine machine was good for writing papers and playing solitaire,and that was all.我那巨大的、前期的计算机只合适写文章和玩纸牌游戏,就这些。
  • Right away,I realized this was a mistake of gargantuan proportions.我马上意识到这是一个巨大的过错。
6 neatly      adv.整洁地,洁净地,灵活地,熟练地 参阅例句:
  • Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  • The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着规整的皱褶。
7 noted      adj.闻名的,闻名的 参阅例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精巧而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
8 spike      n.长钉,钉鞋;v.以大钉钉牢,使...失效 参阅例句:
  • The spike pierced the receipts and held them in order.那个钉子穿过那些收据并使之按顺序排列。
  • They'll do anything to spike the guns of the opposition.他们会使出各种手法来挫折对手。
9 spiked      adj.有穗的;成锥形的;有尖顶的 参阅例句:
  • The editor spiked the story. 修改删去了这篇报导。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They wondered whether their drinks had been spiked. 他们有些疑问自己的饮料里是否被悄悄搀了烈性酒。 来自辞典例句
10 spikes      n.穗( spike的名词复数 );跑鞋;(防滑)鞋钉;尖状物v.加烈酒于( spike的第三人称奇数 );悄悄地给或人的饮料参加(更多)酒精( 或药物);把尖状物钉入;打乱或人的方案 参阅例句:
  • a row of iron spikes on a wall 墙头的一排尖铁
  • There is a row of spikes on top of the prison wall to prevent the prisoners escaping. 监狱墙头装有一排尖钉,以防监犯逃跑。 来自《简明英汉词典》


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