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作者: 发布于:2020-09-30 11:42
The annals of science brim with researchers who pushed the boundaries of sense and good taste in a quest for knowledge. With the unveiling of the 30th annual Ig Nobel awards, another case shall be added.   每年的搞笑诺贝尔奖都在寻求常识的过程中不断拓宽感官和品尝的鸿沟。跟着第30届年度搞笑诺贝尔奖揭晓,咱们又将看到更多改写认知的效果了。   To test the validity of a story in a work of ethnographic literature, Metin Eren, an anthropologist1 at Kent State University in Ohio, made a knife from his frozen faeces.   "It's an honour to be recognised," Eren said, before the ceremony in which he was honoured for his work on Thursday. "I've followed the Ig Nobels my entire life. It's a dream come true. Really."   Not to be mistaken for the more prestigious2 – and lucrative3 – Nobel prizes, to be doled4 out in Scandinavia next month, the Ig Nobels celebrate research that "first makes people laugh, and then makes them think".   In a ceremony held online, rather than at Harvard University as usual, 10 awards were handed out for notable achievements in physics, psychology5, economics, medicine and more. In lieu of a handsome windfall and medal, the winners received a paper cube and a £10tn dollar bill from Zimbabwe.   This year's awards included a physics prize for work that recorded the shapes earthworms adopt when vibrated at high frequency. The peace prize honoured the governments of India and Pakistan for having their diplomats6 ring each other's doorbells in the middle of the night and run away before anyone answered.   Chris Watkins, a psychologist at the University of Abertay in UK, shared the economics prize. His research found that french kissing was more common between partners in areas of high income inequality.   The psychology prize went to researchers who discovered a way to identify narcissists from their eyebrows7. "It's exciting, it's a fun award," said Miranda Giacomin, who worked on the study at MacEwan University in Alberta, Canada. Her work built on research that found people could sometimes spot narcissists from their facial features. The eyebrows, Giacomin suggests, are key.   Richard Vetter, a retired8 researcher at the University of California, Riverside, claimed the entomology prize for gathering9 case studies on arachnophobia among insect experts. He concluded that fear of spiders from an early age was not overcome by a career handling insects.   Yet another gong went to Dutch and Belgian researchers for laying out the diagnosis10 for misophonia – the distress11 experienced on hearing another person chew – and showing that talking therapy helps treat it.   "It was a humorous rallying cry for evidence and fact checking," Eren said of the unfunded work. "It's a great story of human ingenuity12, but we need to question and get evidence for everything that supports stances we hold dear to our heart, especially in these dark days."
1 anthropologist      n.人类学家,人类学者 参阅例句:
  • The lecturer is an anthropologist.这位讲师是人类学家。
  • The anthropologist unearthed the skull of an ancient human at the site.人类学家在这个遗址挖掘出那块古人类的颅骨。
2 prestigious      adj.有声威的,有威望的,受敬重的 参阅例句:
  • The young man graduated from a prestigious university.这个年轻人结业于一所名牌大学。
  • You may even join a prestigious magazine as a contributing editor.乃至可能会参加一个闻名杂志做修改。
3 lucrative      adj.挣钱的,可获利的 参阅例句:
  • He decided to turn his hobby into a lucrative sideline.他决议把自己的喜好变成挣钱的副业。
  • It was not a lucrative profession.那是一个没有多少油水的工作。
4 doled      救助物( dole的过去式和过去分词 ); 赋闲救助金 参阅例句:
  • The food was doled out to the poor. 食物分发给了贫民。
  • Sisco briskly doled out the United States positions on the key issues. 西斯科轻快地把美国在重大问题上的态度放了出去。
5 psychology      n.心思,心思学,心思状况 参阅例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心思学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心思学。
6 diplomats      n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,长于外交的人 参阅例句:
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事情导致一些高档外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 eyebrows      眉毛( eyebrow的名词复数 ) 参阅例句:
  • Eyebrows stop sweat from coming down into the eyes. 眉毛挡住汗水使其不能流进眼睛。
  • His eyebrows project noticeably. 他的眉毛特别杰出。
8 retired      adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的 参阅例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位白叟下乡歇息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
9 gathering      n.集会,集会,集合 参阅例句:
  • He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上屡次。
  • He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于为他的小说搜集材料。
10 diagnosis      n.确诊,确诊成果,查询剖析,判别 参阅例句:
  • His symptoms gave no obvious pointer to a possible diagnosis.他的症状无法作出清晰的确诊。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的坍毁做一次完全的查询剖析。
11 distress      n.苦恼,苦楚,不舒适;不幸;vt.使沉痛 参阅例句:
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的苦楚。
  • Please don't distress yourself.请你不要忧虑了。
12 ingenuity      n.独出机杼;长于发明创造 参阅例句:
  • The boy showed ingenuity in making toys.那个小男孩做玩具很有创造力。
  • I admire your ingenuity and perseverance.我敬佩你的独出机杼和意志。

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