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新冠疫情使美国出生率雪上加霜

作者: 发布于:2020-06-15 08:04

美国上一年的出生人数继续下降。美联社指出,这导致了美国35年来最低的新生儿人数。有专家表明,新冠病毒大盛行及其对经济的影响将会导致出生人数更低。
The number of births in the United States continued to fall last year. This led to the fewest U.S. newborns in 35 years, the Associated Press notes.   The number of newborns has been falling for more than 10 years. And some experts say the coronavirus pandemic and its effect on the economy will result in even fewer births.   "This uNPRedictable environment, and concerns about the future, are going to make women think twice before having children," said Denise Jamieson. She is a doctor and head of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.   The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported the latest birth numbers on May 20. The report is based on a study of more than 99% of birth records from 2019. The findings are considered preliminary.   The CDC found the number of births fell to about 3.7 million last year. This is about one percent less than the number in 2018.   Birth rates continued to fall for teenagers and women in their 20s. However, for women in their early 40s, the report noted1 an increase in births.   Experts say there are many reasons for falling birth rates. Among them are changing ideas about motherhood and family planning. Many women and couples now delay having children. Also, once they decide to start a family, they have fewer children.   Experts also say there is good reason to think a weak economy will result in even lower birth rates. Aside from a one-year increase in 2014, U.S. births have been falling every year since 2007. That year a recession hit the United States. The drop in births continued even after the economy recovered.   John Santelli is a professor of population and family health at Columbia University in New York. He says there are many reasons why economic conditions affect birth rates.   Santelli noted that many jobs are low-paying and uNPRedictable. When you combine those kinds of jobs with the high cost of housing and other living expenses, people think carefully before having children.   Brady Hamilton was the lead author of the CDC report. The effect of the pandemic, Hamilton said, will not become clear in hospital maternity2 wards3 until late this year or early next year.   Santelli notes it is possible births will increase among some groups. Getting access to birth control and operations for ending pregnancies4 has become more difficult, he said. He added that couples stuck at home together may have more time for sex.   However, other experts say it is more likely that birth rates will fall. Hans-Peter Kohler is a fertility researcher at the University of Pennsylvania. He said the idea that there will be a lot of "coronababies" is "widely perceived as a myth."   Kohler said that the debate most experts are having is not about whether there will be a decrease in births, but whether it will be lasting5.      
1 noted      adj.闻名的,闻名的 参阅例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精巧而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
2 maternity      n.母性,母道,妇产科病房;adj.孕妈妈的,母性的 参阅例句:
  • Women workers are entitled to maternity leave with full pay.女工产假期间薪酬照发。
  • Trainee nurses have to work for some weeks in maternity.受训的护理必须在产科病房工作数周。
3 wards      区( ward的名词复数 ); 病房; 受监护的未成年者; 被人照料或操控的状况 参阅例句:
  • This hospital has 20 medical [surgical] wards. 这所医院有 20 个内科[外科]病房。
  • It was a big constituency divided into three wards. 这是一个大选区,下设三个分区。
4 pregnancies      怀孕,妊娠( pregnancy的名词复数 ) 参阅例句:
  • Since the wartime population needed replenishment, pregnancies were a good sign. 最终一桩倒不失为好现象,战时人口正该弥补。
  • She's had three pregnancies in four years. 她在四年中怀孕叁次。
5 lasting      adj.永久的,永久的;vbl.继续,保持 参阅例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.耐久的战役使美元价值降低。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.咱们期望这些胶葛能取得永久的处理。


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