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新冠疫情导致美国近40%的低收入者失业

作者: 发布于:2020-05-25 21:53
美国联邦储藏委员会称,跟着新冠疫情开端对美国经济产生影响,近40%的美国低收入者失去了作业。 Nearly 40% of lower-income Americans lost work as the coronavirus pandemic began its assault on the US economy, according to the Federal Reserve.   One in 5 adults who were working in February reported being laid off or furloughed in March or early April, according to a Fed report published Thursday.   However, the economic downturn disproportionately affected1 lower-income Americans.   Thirty-nine percent of people with a household income below $40,000 lost work over that period, according to the report, an annual survey of US household finances.   Conversely, that was true for just 19% of Americans with a household income between $40,000 and $100,000, according to a Fed spokesperson.   For those with an income exceeding $100,000, the disparity was even greater: Only 13% lost work.   This data doesn’t capture the millions of Americans who have lost their jobs since early April.   More than 36 million Americans have applied2 for unemployment benefits over the past two months.   The unemployment rate soared to 14.7% in April, according to the Bureau of Labor3 Statistics. That’s the highest level since the Great Depression, when the unemployment rate is estimated to have exceeded 20%.   The leisure and hospitality industry, which pays the lowest average hourly wage compared with other industries, has experienced the most layoffs4 compared with other sectors5 of the economy, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data.   Employment loss has substantially impacted the financial well-being6 of families, according to the Fed.   Among those who lost a job or had their hours reduced, 70% reported an income decline, impacting their ability to pay bills.   Only 64% of those with a job loss or reduction in hours expected to be able to pay their bills in full in April, compared with 85% of those without an employment disruption, according to the Fed.    
1 affected      adj.不自然的,伪装的 参阅例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她伪装对咱们的课题感到爱好。
  • His manners are affected.他的情绪不自然。
2 applied      adj.使用的;v.使用,适用 参阅例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她计划学习使用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
3 labor      n.劳作,尽力,作业,劳工;临产;vi.劳作,尽力,苦干;vt.详细分析;费事 参阅例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.咱们从不延误交给他劳作报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳作两周后,他现已疲惫不堪了。
4 layoffs      暂时辞退( layoff的名词复数 ); 罢工,中止活动 参阅例句:
  • Textile companies announced 2000 fresh layoffs last week. 各纺织公司上星期宣告再次裁人两千人。
  • Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs. 当公司忽然宣告裁人时,股票价格便大跌
5 sectors      n.部分( sector的名词复数 );范畴;防护区域;扇形 参阅例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部分。 来自《现代汉英归纳大词典》
6 well-being      n.健康,安泰,美好 参阅例句:
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把大众的疾苦挂在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关怀他们的美好,却被误解为多管闲事。


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