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韦氏词典2019年度词汇 they

作者: 发布于:2019-12-16 07:28
Merriam-Webster has named "they" its word of the year.   韦氏词典近来将“they”(他们/她们)评为2019年度词汇。   The US dictionary also recently added a new definition of "they", reflecting its use as a singular personal pronoun for non-binary people.   Searches for "they" on Merriam-Webster's website were 313% higher this year than they were in 2018.   British pop star Sam Smith came out as non-binary in March, and in September confirmed on Instagram that their pronouns were "they/them".   Announcing their pronouns, Smith wrote: "I understand there will be many mistakes and misgendering, but all I ask is you please please try. I hope you can see me like I see myself now."   A number of other high-profile non-binary figures were also in the news this year.   Catwalk model Oslo Grace rose to prominence2 in January, and spoke3 to fashion magazines Vogue4 and Dazed and Confused about their gender1 identity and the fashion world.   Another non-binary model, Ayesha Tan Jones, was also in the news in September - for staging a silent protest while walking a Gucci show in September.   Peter Sokolowski, Merriam-Webster's editor-at-large, told the Associated Press news agency that searches shot up when Oslo Grace was rising to prominence, when Sam Smith came out, and when US congresswoman Pramila Jayapal spoke about her gender-nonconforming child while arguing for LGBTQ rights legislation in April.   "It reflects a surprising fact: even a basic term - a personal pronoun - can rise to the top of our data," the dictionary said in a statement.
1 gender      n.(生理上的)性,(名词、代词等的)性 参阅例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,一切的名词都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时只是由于性别而无法取得种种时机。
2 prominence      n.出色;明显;出色;重要 参阅例句:
  • He came to prominence during the World Cup in Italy.他在意大利的世界杯赛中声名鹊起。
  • This young fashion designer is rising to prominence.这位年青的时装设计师的威望越来越高。
3 spoke      n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;损坏或人的方案;阻遏或人的举动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;讲演;从某种观念来说 参阅例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从咱们公司取得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上衔接外圈与中心的条棒。
4 Vogue      n.时尚,时尚;adj.盛行的 参阅例句:
  • Flowery carpets became the vogue.花卉地毯变成了时尚货。
  • Short hair came back into vogue about ten years ago.大约十年前短发又开端盛行起来了。


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